Colosseum Glossary of Terms

History, Facts and Information about Colosseum Glossary of Terms
The content of this article provides interesting history, facts and information about Colosseum Glossary of Terms. Learning about the Colosseum can prove quite difficult due to the various Latin words used in association with this ancient monument to the power and cruelty that was Ancient Rome.
 

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Colosseum Glossary of Terms
This useful Colosseum Glossary of Terms provides useful definitions and descriptions of many of the words and terms specifically connected to the Flavian Amphitheatre - The Roman Colosseum: 

 

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History, Facts and information in the Colosseum Glossary of Terms *** Words, terms, definitions and descriptions in the Colosseum Glossary of Terms *** The society, culture and life of the Romans - Colosseum Glossary of Terms *** Colosseum Glossary of Terms *** The Romans and life in Ancient Rome Colosseum Glossary of Terms *** Colosseum Glossary of Terms *** Ancient history, facts and interesting information in the Colosseum Glossary of Terms

Colosseum Glossary of Terms

Acta Diurna
The Acta Diurna (meaning Daily Acts) was the Roman daily paper which contained news of gladiatorial contests
 

Amphitheatre
Amphitheatre: The amphitheatres were round or oval in shape. Their design was taken from joining two half circle wooden theatres together (the word "amphi" means 'both sides')

Arena
The arena was the area of the Colosseum where the events were held which was separated from the seating areas by a massive wall, faced with marble

Armamentarium
Armamentarium: an armory to store weapons

Bisellium:
A richly ornamented seat of honor at the games

Cavea
Cavea definition: The sloping floor and the seating area of the Colosseum which was divided into four main sections of seating stretching up and back from the edge of the arena

Clipea
Clipea: A series of decorative bronze shields around the top stories of the Colosseum that were added by the Emperor Domitian

Cloaca Maxima
Cloaca Maxima: the main sewerage system of Rome

Colosseum
Colosseum: The name Colosseum (taken from the Latin word 'colosseus' meaning colossal) in reference to the gigantic statue of the Emperor Nero which had been previously erected near the site of the Colosseum

Corinthian Columns
Corinthian Columns: The most ornate column on the third level of the Colosseum characterized by a slender fluted column having an ornate bell-shaped capital decorated with acanthus leaves

Cunei
Cunei definition: The main sections were subdivided into wedges (wedge-shaped sections) called cunei

Domitian
Domitian: The Emperor and younger son of Vespacian who added the Hypogeum and the top tier to the Colosseum

Domus Aurea
Domus Aurea: The palace of Nero was called the Domus Aurea (Latin for "Golden House")

Doric Columns
Doric Columns: The simplest column on the first level of the Colosseum characterized by heavy fluted columns with plain, saucer-shaped capitals and base

Euripi
Euripi: A large ditch (euripi) surrounding the arena providing protection from wild animals

Flavian Amphitheatre
Flavian Amphitheatre: Flavian Amphitheatre was originally given this name due to it being built by Titus Flavius Vespasianus (Emperor Vespasian) who founded the Flavian dynasty

Gradus
Gradus definition: Rows of seats

Harena
Harena: Meaning sand in Latin, which covered the floor of the arena from which the word arena was derived - a reference to the thick layer of sand on the floor for the purpose of soaking up the blood

Honorius
Honorius: The Emperor Honorius, finally decreed the end of gladiatorial contests in 399 AD

Hypogeum
Hypogeum Definition: The area beneath the Colosseum was called the Hypogeum (meaning underground). The hypogeum consisted of two-level subterranean network of tunnels and 32 animal pens. It had 80 vertical shafts which provided instant access to the arena for animals and scenery

Imperial Box
Imperial Box: A raised Imperial Box located on the podium (meaning place of honor) reserved for the Emperor and his family. The imperial Box was located at the north side of the arena

Ionic Columns
Ionic Columns: On the second level of the Colosseum, characterized by two opposed volutes (a spiral scroll-like ornament) in the capital

Lanista
Lanista: Gladiator Trainer

Ludus Magnus
Ludus Magnus: Gladiator School next to the Colosseum

Maeniana
Maeniana definition: Sections of the Colosseum

Maenianum primum
Maenianum primum: Seating reserved for the non-senatorial noble class called the Equites

Maenianum secundum imum
Maenianum secundum imum - the better, lower seats for the wealthy plebeians

Maenianum secundum summum
Maenianum secundum summum - the upper seats for the poor plebeians

Maenianum summum in ligneis
Maenianum summum in ligneis: Consisted of wooden seats which were set up in the gallery running around the very top wall of the amphitheatre

Munera
Munera: Funeral games were held annually or every five years for the purpose of keeping the dead person's memory alive

Naumachiae
Naumachiae: Naval battles held in the Colosseum

Podium
Podium definition: The podium was the terrace, a broad platform
 about 15ft wide, situated at the top of the wall, which surrounded the arena and afforded the best views of the arena. The seating on the podium was moveable seats, or chairs

Porta Libitinensis
Porta Libitinensis: Gate of Death)

Porta Sanavivaria
Porta Sanavivaria. The Gate of Life where those who had been defeated but spared would exit the arena

Porta Triumphalis
Porta Triumphalis: Gate through which the victors would exit the arena

Praecinctiones
Praecinctiones definition: Curved passages and low walls which separated the sections

Pulvinar
Pulvinar: Imperial Box

Saniarium
Saniarium: Where wounded gladiators were taken

Stucco
Stucco: A durable finish for exterior walls, usually composed of cement, sand, and lime and applied while wet

Summum Choragium
Summum Choragium: Where machinery used in the Colosseum was stored

Telemachus
Telemachus: An Egyptian monk named Telemachus whose martyrdom was instrumental in ending the gladiator combats

Titus
Titus: The Emperor and son of Vespasian who completed the building of the Colosseum and presided over its opening

Travertine
Travertine: A sedimentary stone made essentially of calcite

Tufa
Tufa: A rock composed of compacted volcanic ash varying in size from fine sand to coarse gravel

Velarium
Velarium: A Retractable Awning called the Velarium provided cover and shade in the Colosseum

Venationes
Venationes: An imitation of the wild animal hunts

Vespasian
Vespasian: The Emperor who commissioned the building of the Colosseum

Vespasiano
Vespasiano: Public toilets

Vestal Virgin Box
Vestal Virgin Box: Located on the podium on the south side of the arena

Vomitaria
Vomitaria definition: The Entrances to the Colosseum led to the vomitaria which were passages to the seats

Colosseum Glossary of Terms
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History, Facts and information in the Colosseum Glossary of Terms *** Words, terms, definitions and descriptions in the Colosseum Glossary of Terms *** The society, culture and life of the Romans - Colosseum Glossary of Terms *** Colosseum Glossary of Terms *** The Romans and life in Ancient Rome Colosseum Glossary of Terms *** Colosseum Glossary of Terms *** Ancient history, facts and interesting information in the Colosseum Glossary of Terms

Colosseum Glossary of Terms

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Colosseum Glossary of Terms