about the life of Maxentius
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of
Maxentius, Usurper Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
Name commonly known as: Maxentius *** Latin Roman Name: Marcus
Aurelius Valerius Maxentius *** Reigned as Roman Emperor /
Caesar: 28 October 306 -
28 October 312 in competition with Severus, then Galerius
then Constantine - jointly with his father, Maximian, 306-8 *** Dynasty / Historical Period:
In 285 the Roman Empire was split in half by Diocletian - The
Western Roman Empire and the other half became known as the Eastern
Roman Empire or the Byzantine Empire. *** Date of Birth: c. 278 *** Name of previous Emperor: His predecessor or the Emperor before Maxentius was
Constantius Chlorus *** Family connections / Genealogy
*** Name of Father: Maximian *** Name of Mother: Eutropia *** Married: Valeria Maximilla *** Children:
Place and Date of Death:
Died 28 October 312 in Rome
*** Name of next Emperor:
The successor to Maxentius was Constantine
For the names of the next
Roman emperors in the East and the West of the Empire refer to the
the Usurper - Roman Coins, or coinage
Maxentius was a usurper. Usurper is a term used to
describe an illegal claimant to the throne without securing
"the consent of the governed." Usurpers were a common
feature of the late Roman Empire, especially from the crisis
of the third century onwards. Every new emperor, either
legal or illegal, marked the beginning of his rule by
minting new coins, both for the prestige of declaring
oneself as Augustus and to pay the loyal soldiers their
share. Roman coins, or coinage, is often the only evidence
of a determined usurpation such as that of Maxentius.
about the life of Maxentius
Obtain a fast overview of the times of the Roman Emperor
Maxentius from the following facts and information about his life.
Augustus in the west of the Empire. He was the son of former
emperor Maximian (aka Maximianus or Herculius), and the
son-in-law of Galerius who was also an emperor.
In A.D. 305 the
Emperor Diocletian decided to
abdicate his power and 'persuaded'
the Emperor Maximianus to do the same. Maximianus
retired from public life in Lucania or Campania. Upon the
abdication of Maximianus and Diocletian, the two Caesars,
Constantius and Galerius, assumed the title of Augustus and
succeeded as co-emperors. Maximianus retired from public
life but this only lasted for one year. Maxentius, the son
of Maximianus, provoked a new Civil War in the empire. On 28 October 306 Maxentius
was proclaimed emperor at Rome and Maximianus was forced to
back his son and they ruled jointly until 308.
attempted to depose Maxentius in 308 but failed and his son,
the usurper Maxentius, continued to act as ruler until
October 312. In the summer of 310 Maximianus proclaimed
himself emperor but was eventually taken
prisoner. He was granted pardon for his crimes but then he
attempted to have Constantine murdered in his bed.
Maximianus died shortly after the failed assassination
attempt either by his own hand or on the orders of
Constantine. In the summer of 311, Maxentius mobilized
against Constantine while Licinius was occupied with affairs
in the East. Maxentius declared war on Constantine, vowing
to avenge his father's "murder". The armies of Constantine
and Maxentius met north of Rome. There was fierce fighting
and Maxentius and his the troops retreated to the River
Tiber. Somehow Maxentius fell into the Tiber and drowned so
ending the life of this usurper on 28 October 312.
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